Science is an organized process that builds and supports knowledge in the form of predictions and testable predictions about the natural world. It is the application of scientific knowledge to solve practical problems. In particular, science deals with the application of sciences to life. It combines the quantitative study of nature with the qualitative study of people, and vice versa. It also involves the systematic observation of reality. The result of such systematic observations are the quantitative predictions of the future regarding nature, including society, is generated.
There are two stages in the progress of science. The first stage is rationalism, the second stage monism. Between these two there are numerous gradations. For instance between physical science and natural sciences, between astronomy and physiology, between physics and biology, etc. At each stage there are new methods, new concepts, and new ideas. The progress in science is based on the accumulation of evidence.
Science has three major categories. It includes classical (physics & chemistry), natural (biology & zoology), and social science (social biology & psychology). In addition to these there are numerous smaller divisions of science, each having its own field of specialization. Some examples are cognitive science, brain sciences, physical sciences, social sciences, psychology, sociology, communications, and anthropology.
The basic purpose of science education is to teach children the basic concepts of science. It also prepares them for the challenge of facing the world as their future professional and personal leaders. It is important for students to gain scientific thinking skills so that they can use scientific methods when faced with real-life situations. A strong knowledge of how science works and how to analyze scientific data is important for all students, not only those studying science.
Science teachers should encourage students to participate in a wide range of projects and to try out different scientific methodologies. Students will learn a lot by working with professionals from all over the world, because science is an ever-evolving discipline. All students have to be encouraged and supported to become competent science champions.
Science teachers should also be involved in teaching science fairs. This is the ideal platform for introducing concepts to young learners. Science fair projects can then be shown to other students, and eventually to adults. At the end of the fair students will receive a prize.
Science education requires teachers to be committed to ongoing professional development. They need to be up-to-date on current trends in science and technology. In today’s society, teachers need to demonstrate their understanding of relevant theory and research. It is advisable to read widely in order to stay up-to-date. Teachers need to know how to design and execute meaningful science projects. These projects should show what the teacher has learned from his or her lessons.
Science teachers can also participate in professional organizations dealing with science education, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The AAAS encourages teachers to develop a positive relationship with their students and help them become proficient in the various fields of science. Such activities include sharing experiments and results, and providing ideas and materials on effective science communication. Teachers can also join professional organization committees and exchange their ideas with other members. This way, teachers will stay up-to-date with new ideas and techniques in science education.