Understanding How Science Happens
Science is an organized process which builds and structures knowledge in the form of predictions and testable explanations about the universe. The discipline derives its name from “sciences” or ” sciences” (references to many disciplines that make up the natural sciences), and “physelanoid”, the Greek word for sponge. It combines objective data from science and art, with the use of imagination to describe and explain the subject. The major elements of science are physics, biology, chemistry, astronomy and zoology.
The most important principle of science is observation. Observation is the process by which we discover the nature works, including the patterns of the physical laws. We do this through scientific methods, such as scientific experiments, observations, experimentation, and observational techniques, such as the study of nature. A hypothesis is a statement that makes a promise of finding evidence to back it up. Subsequent to hypothesis, the hypothesis becomes the subject of research and testing.
There are two prominent theories in science; those are deductive science. Deductive science deals with the facts only; it can never find out a fact by means of scientific methods. On the other hand, deductive science tries to put together all the facts of a particular case, and then apply these facts to theorems or laws of the universe. The conclusion reached is then a prediction about the universe.
Two other important concepts in science are experiment and theory. An experiment is an uncontrolled examination of natural phenomena under controlled conditions. For instance, you could set up a science fair project about the properties of magnets. You could spin around every possible theory about magnetism, and see whether or not it applies to the real world.
Scientific methods can be used to test out your theory. They can determine if your theory really works, or if there are holes in it. Experiments are conducted to check on the predictions of your theory. If you conduct a scientific method on nature, then you are taking the observations of nature and applying them to science. Both of these complementary sciences are part of the larger field of science known as “ontology”.
Learning about the relationship between science, observation, hypothesis, and experiment is very important to students who want to advance in their science lessons. There are many good science resources that can be found on the Internet that will help teachers, parents, and students learn more about science. A good science fair project should give students a real sense of the scientific method. They should be able to create a model for nature that fits well with their observations, and demonstrate how their hypothesis applies to the real world.