The Interrelationship of Philosophy and Science
Science is a systematic venture which builds and oversees organized knowledge in the form of concrete testable predictions about the natural world. There are a number of different areas in which the discipline typically engages, with special emphasis on the physical, chemical, and biological sciences. The aim of science is to test these areas of research to ensure that they are producing or confirming predictions which are consistent with the world as we see it. In many ways science is very similar to theology in that it is concerned with the search for a God who will provide us with knowledge sufficient to guide our actions in all situations. While the two may not directly correlate, in practice the work of the scientist and the priest or minister is often very much alike.
The term science can be used to refer to a number of different areas within the physical sciences. The physical sciences include such areas as physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, and zoology. The focus of the physical sciences is generally to describe how things are produced and how they function in nature. While the scope of this field is incredibly diverse, most physical sciences tend to fall into one of four core areas: biology, chemistry, physics, or zoology.
The study of life science has developed significantly over the last couple of centuries. In recent years there have been numerous advances in a number of different areas, including genetics, pharmacology, and anatomy. Advances in understanding of the human body and how diseases affect it has also increased dramatically. This wide variety of disciplines makes life science an incredibly important area of study in modern society. Though the physical sciences overall play a large part in how we understand ourselves and the natural world, the life sciences provide a framework upon which scientists and other interested parties draw.
Philosophy concerns itself with questions concerning the nature of reality, the purpose of life, and the ultimate nature of the universe and everything in it. Philosophy particularly addresses issues such as the relationship between ethics and scientific truth, the concepts of fate and free will, and the place of human beings in the grand scheme of things. Although most of the work in this area is conducted on a daily basis, the discipline can be considered to be more of an abstract art than a physical science.
Physics is one of the physical sciences that most directly answers questions regarding the universe and the workings of nature. Part of what makes physics so influential is its consistent model of the universe and the laws that govern its activity. Physics generally deals with the behavior of subatomic particles and the laws that govern the behavior of larger-scale structures. One of the most important areas of Physics is optics, with its study of how light behaves as it travels through space. Though physics offers many challenges and opportunities for those who choose to specialize in specific areas of the discipline, all natural sciences and physics have their own place in society, culture, and society in general.
The study of the world around us has long been a part of the study of philosophy. Philosophy and science are often at odds with each other, but the relationship between science and philosophy is much more positive than negative. Science offers many methods to study the natural world and the phenomena that occur within it, and philosophers have provided many valuable methods of study and interpretation of natural phenomena. In fact, nearly all mankind has a personal stake in the study of philosophy, and most individuals feel influenced by the philosophies of science. In fact, philosophers argue against certain theories of science in order to demonstrate the validity of their own theories.